This week most of the ESC team went off to a training session in Sofia to meet other volunteers taking part in various projects around Bulgaria, and also to gain a deeper understanding of what their role involves. Meanwhile, back at HQ, Marco stayed to help in the gardens, and we got a lot done with a central focus on watering, or at least, preparing the garden to receive the water. With temps at around 30 degrees C every day and no promise of rain in the coming week, we have now officially started our dry season, during which it’s possible to see up to 3 or 4 months with no rainfall. We are fortunate to be able to access water from a local mountain river that brings water into the gardens of many local food growers. You can see an image of the west side irrigation system below with the points in red marking the diversion points.
In order for the gardens to get maximum efficiency from this incredible resource, we have designed all of our garden layouts based on the use of flood irrigation, positioning access and earthworks to distribute water across the site and slowly sink into the soils. We’ve found using raised beds laid out on contour with sunken pathways between is very effective, with the pathways doubling up as irrigation channels. not only does the water sink into the soils but capillary action also draws water up into the raised beds.
|The water coming into the home garden|
The channels in Aponia, the forest garden need clearing annually, and Marco has done an amazing job with that this year. From now on we should be able to bring the water in weekly.
Whilst clearing the channels in the late scrub area of the garden, I found this beautiful Leopard Slug – Limax maximus hiding under a plank of wood. I believe it’s one of the largest species of slug in the family Limacidae, the keeled slugs.
Below you can see the nuts forming in a Hazel tree in Aponia. When we speak of Hazel we are generally referring to two species, Corylus avellana and Corylus maxima. The two species produce slightly different shape nuts and take different growth forms. Corylus avellana produces Hazelnuts and Corylus maxima produces Filberts. There are 14–18 species in the Corylus genus, but many of the European cultivars we have nowadays are Corylus avellana, Corylus maxima or the result of hybrids between these two species.