Food Plants - PerennialPlants

​​Okinawa Spinach

​Okinawa spinach is not a spinach at all, but a perennial leafy green.

The tops of the leaves are dark green with a striking purple underside. With frequent pruning (harvesting) it forms a handsome, dense, non-vining ground-cover.

You could landscape your front yard or your sidewalk with this plant and no-one need know, unless you tell them, that it’s edible and nutritious​. The best part is that the more you eat it, the better it looks.

​Okinawa spinach is native to Southeastern Asia. Its common names include Hong tsoi, Okinawa lettuce, and Cholesterol spinach. Its scientific name is Gynura crepioides.

In tropical climates it requires little, if any, maintenance other than pruning (harvesting) and will produce abundant greens year-round, for years on end.

Photograph by author, Kate Martignier

So long as it has adequate warmth and moisture, I find it to be one of the easiest, low-maintenance, perennial, leafy green vegetables to grow, in full sun or partial shade.  It seems to be relatively pest-free, and so vigorous that what little pest damage it does suffer is inconsequential.

In subtropical climates, Okinawa spinach will be slower growing, and in climates that get frost you could ​pot it up and bring it inside for the winter, then move it outside again after the frosts are over.

It grows well in containers, hanging baskets, or even on a windowsill so long as there is enough light.

If you’re using Okinawa spinach as a food plant you’re probably cutting off most of the long flowering stalks to encourage more leaf production, but it’s worth keeping a few flowers just for their little flash of orange amongst the green and purple. I cut these flowers off before thinking that you might have wanted to see how they look…

Photograph by author, Kate Martignier

 

Propagation

Okinawa spinach is easy to propagate with cuttings rooted in water or just laid into moist soil.  Remove most of the leaves, leaving just a few small healthy ones, then bury the stem with the leaves poking out.  Keep moist.

(Removing most of the leaves reduces stress on the cutting by reducing transpiration—moisture loss—from the leaves.)

Photograph by author, Kate Martignier

The easiest way to propagate Okinawa spinach is as you see in the image ​above: harvest some long runners from an established patch. Cut off the tips and put them in a basket for the kitchen, remove most of the leaves from some of the runners that already have roots, and replant them somewhere else.

 

 

​Nutrition

The trusty internet describes Okinawa spinach as a nutritious vegetable which can be eaten raw or cooked.

Photograph by author, Kate Martignier

It’s said to help lower cholesterol, hence one of its common names, “cholesterol spinach”.

(My husband’s comment when he heard that, was that all the tropical “spinaches” would lower cholesterol since they all use up more calories to chew and swallow, than they give. But he was being uncharitable, and in the case of Okinawa spinach, entirely inaccurate. It’s not at all hard to chew.)

Various internet references (see refs at the bottom of this article) describe Okinawa as being rich in protein, iron, potassium, calcium, and vitamin A.

It’s also said to have uses in traditional medicine but this is not something I​ have explored, and I couldn’t find any solid references for it.

 

 

How To Eat It

Young leaves and young shoot tips can be used as garnishes and in salads. This (below) is chickweed and okinawa, soon to be dressed with an olive oil and vinegar dressing.

Photograph by author, Kate Martignier

The green, young stems can be chopped as a vegetable and added at the last minute where-ever you’d use tender green veggies. I like them in stir fries.

The leaves can be added to anything you’d use leafy greens in, but be sure to add them just before serving; overcooking makes them lose their wonderful colour and they go a bit slimy.

In the image below, I’ve dumped a handful of Okinawa leaves on top of some rice in a steamer. (Yes, you are right: I’m not a very imaginative cook. And I’m usually in a hurry.)

Don’t leave it in the steamer any length of time; ​its ready to serve in the time it takes to get it from the stove top to the table. Maybe less.

But do cook it if you’re not putting salad dressing on it; here’s why.

Photograph by author, Kate Martignier

The flavour is unique, although not at all overpowering. It’s described in other articles as being a “crisp, nutty taste with a faint hint of pine.” I have no idea what pine tastes like, but I agree about “crisp and nutty” – so long as you haven’t over-cooked it. (Did I mention that often enough?)

I think it would go well with a salad dressing that had sesame oil in it, but since no-one in my family will come near sesame oil even when armed with a forked stick, you’ll have to try that yourself. ​

 

References

There are lots of lovely pictures (much better than mine) of Okinawa spinach, here. GreenHarvest have a page all about Okinawa spinach, here. And OrganicMotion​ lists Okinawa spinach here, with further references down the bottom.

 

Byline

Kate writes at ARealGreenLife.com about thinking differently and living a more natural, connected, and sustainable life. Check out her free eGuide, “Ditching the Supermarket,” or visit her free downloads page or her blog.

 

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Kate Martignier

Kate writes at ARealGreenLife.com – an exploration into thinking differently and living a more natural, connected, and sustainable life.

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