A 2016 Calendar Celebrating Natural Cycles

Clocks are round; why aren’t calendars?

In a nutshell, I think Permaculture—with its ethics of earth care, people care, and fair shares—is about connecting with nature, including our own human nature. But in the civilized world, we often have to overcome artificial barriers to do this, including acquired ideas that prevent us from seeing the world in a natural way. One example is the way we perceive time.

For as long as I can remember, my internal picture of the year has been a circle, with summer opposite winter, spring opposite autumn. The more I thought about it, the stranger it seemed that there were no calendars which depicted the year in its natural form, the shape of the Earth’s orbit around the sun. (Technically it’s not a circle, but an ellipse with a very small eccentricity; which, however, makes the northern hemisphere’s summer four days longer than its winter).

Most calendars showed time as an infinite sequence of rectangular boxes, like the boxes—classrooms, houses, offices, cars—in which we spend so much of our lives. Eventually, since I couldn’t find any round calendar designs that I liked, I decided to go ahead and make my own.

As well as a practical wall calendar and year planner for 2016, it’s also meant as a mandala—an object for meditation, featuring both radial and fourfold symmetry. And what better than a round calendar to help you meditate on the transitory and cyclical nature of all things?

Linear time vs. cyclical time

One of the founding myths of our culture is the idea of linear time. Like the most powerful stories, it’s one we are barely aware of. It’s the basis for the notion of “progress”—in moral, technological or economic terms.

Northern Hemisphere Calendar. For higher quality copy, please visit Roberts Website.
Northern Hemisphere Calendar. For higher quality copy, please visit Roberts Website.

The cyclical model of time is ancient and universal. Look at the Celtic wheel of the year, the Mayan calendar, the Taoist yin-yang symbol or the Dharma wheel in Buddhism. Yet it’s been completely discarded by modern cosmology; though a recent book, Cycles of Time (2010) by Roger Penrose, inventor of the non-periodic Penrose tiling, suggests it may be coming back into fashion. Ironically.

Time for change?

To avoid confusion, I should explain that I’m not proposing a new system of organising the year, just an alternative way of visualising it. We still use basically the same calendric system introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, despite reforms having been proposed by everyone from French revolutionaries to the Kodak company. It’s not likely to change in a hurry.
(If I could make one change to our way of organising time, I would get rid of “daylight savings time”, which only dates back to WWI and seems to me a total waste of time. As if by making everyone change their clocks, the politicians could somehow control time itself!)

About the calendar

The calendar includes the days, weeks, months, and phases of the moon. You may notice that the moon symbols spiral around the calendar, gradually working their way from the outside into the middle. That’s because a lunar month is 29.5 days, so each phase (new, waxing, full, waning) lasts on average 7.4 days, just over a week.

Southern Hemisphere Calendar. For higher quality copy, please visit Roberts Website.
Southern Hemisphere Calendar. For higher quality copy, please visit Roberts Website.

The calendar also shows the eight cardinal points of the solar year—the solstices, equinoxes and quarter days (the midpoints of the four seasons, often known by their Celtic names: Imbolc, Beltane, Lammas, Samhain). These are the basis of many holidays, such as Christmas (the winter solstice), Easter (the first full moon after the spring equinox), May Day (Beltane) and Hallowe’en (Samhain).

But holidays vary a great deal between (and within) countries and cultures, whereas the eight cardinal points are universal. For that reason I’ve omitted holidays from the calendar, leaving you free to add your own favourite celebrations.

The calendar is meant to be posted up on the wall, not viewed on a screen. It should be printed in colour and at least A3 size (A2 is highly recommended). It is free to download, print and share.

You can download the calendar *FREE* from

About the author

Robert Alcock is a writer, self-builder and ecological designer based in northern Spain. His first book, The Island that Never Was (—about a citizen-led movement for sustainable urban regeneration in a post-industrial neighbourhood of Bilbao where he lived for many years—has just been published in December 2015. You can find out about his work at, or contact him via email: ralcock (at) euskalnet (dot) net or on Twitter @AbrazoHouse.

The Permaculture Research Insitute

PRI Zaytuna Farm functions as a model farm (in development) and permaculture training facility. Geoff and Nadia Lawton, world-renowned permaculture educators and consultants, lead the project. Much of Geoff and Nadia’s time over the last few years has been spent away from the Institute, consulting and helping set up projects in diverse locales around the world. Seeing the worldwide demand for knowledgeable permaculture consultants and teachers increase exponentially, as fuel and fertiliser prices skyrocket and the effects of climate change, soil depletion and water shortages begin to hit hard, priority and focus is now shifting back to the Institute, where growing the training program will increase the output of quality teachers to help fill the growing need for them.

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