ConsumerismPeak Oil

Human-Empowered, Enlightened, and Energized Transport

by Brad Lancaster

Years ago at a red light I looked into the car beside me and saw the frowning driver’s hair blowing into the back seat as though she were leaning into a mighty storm. But her windows were up. The gale was coming from her air conditioner — on a beautiful day when an open window could just as easily cool and refresh. Then I coughed, and looked back at her tail pipe spewing out toxic exhaust. I was on a bicycle, and loving the day, except for the coughing. And that’s when the simple realization hit me.

Everything we do, every choice we make, has consequences. And no matter how seemingly simple, they can be profound. We can choose to be and live problems — or solutions.

I realized every time I drove (or mechanically cooled myself) I was directly poisoning air, water, soil, and myself. However, every time I rode my bike, my exhaust was never worse than a flatulent. When I drove my car, I fueled it with toxic gasoline from a distant corporation. When I rode my bike, I fueled me, often with a burrito made from locally grown tepary beans and cooked in my backyard solar oven. A burrito I would’ve eaten anyway now tasted even better.

And that’s the essence of it all. I am much happier and healthier when I get around under my own power than when I drive. I typically do not ride my bike along major streets. Instead, I ride through natural corridors, neighborhoods, alleyways, and along bicycle boulevards where it is visually stimulating and safe; I discover salvageable materials; and see and talk to friends. The journey is often as juicy as the destination, and when I arrive I’m literally zinging with energy.

Driving also directly contributes to increases in traffic and the excessive paving of our communities, which increases the temperatures of and energy consumed within our communities — walking, bicycling, and using public transport reduces all these negatives. Click here for an incredible image showing the space taken up by cars, bikes, and a bus transporting the same number of people.

I sold my car (a cherry 1962 VW crew cab) in 1996 and have been gleefully carless ever since, and have greatly reduced my time and distance traveling when commuting. I now average 2,500 bicycled commuter miles per year.

The moment I sold my car, I got an annual raise of over $7,000. The American Automobile Association (AAA) estimates the average American annually pays $8,500 to own, operate, fuel, insure, and maintain the average automobile.

In its report “The True Cost of Driving,” The Santa Cruz County Regional Transportation Commission estimates it costs $1.19 per mile to drive a vehicle (86.3¢ in direct driver’s expenses and 32.9¢ in societal costs). This adds up to $15,496 per year (13,000 miles x $1.19). Calculate your own driving costs here.

Check out Sightline Institute’s great graph (below) on how many hours we work to pay for 15 gallons of gasoline.

From “Oil Addiction Has Never Been More Expensive… For Most of Us”
© Sightline Institute; used with permission.

How I do live without owning a car?

I live in a central, mixed-use, pedestrian-scaled neighborhood, a few blocks away from major bus routes, where I can easily get the majority of my needs met within a 3- to 5-mile (1.8- to 3-km) radius. When working in town, I consciously select work that is closer to home to keep my typical in-town travel radius smaller and more easily bikeable, although I do venture much further out on occasion. And I started playing with the bicycling lifestyle long ago while I still lived with my folks in their “remote” suburban home 10 miles from my work. Plus I’m always advocating for more human-powered transport infrastructure and policy in my community and beyond.

Having sold my car, it is now far more convenient to ride a bike, walk, or take public transport than to arrange to borrow a vehicle. Convenience is key. And even when I’m feeling tired at the beginning of a ride, once I get going (and afterward) I am always glad I did.

I have an Xtracycle Free Radical Cargo Loader that extended my 20-year-old mountain bike so I can use it as a bike truck. I can pack 200 lbs (90 kg) on its back, carry people, other bikes, building materials, trees, groceries, and more. Before I had my Xtracycle I just used my mountain bike with bike bags, a big basket, and when needed, a bike trailer.

Note: Xtracycle now offers a much stronger bike frame made just for them by Surly — it’s called the Big Dummy. If I were to start all over again, knowing how much I love to haul a lot of quirky, heavy stuff, I’d get the Big Dummy instead of the lighter-duty Free Radical Cargo loader.

Bike Friday in a suitcase that becomes a bike trailer.
The backpack then goes into the trailer once on bike.

I have a second bike as back up, just in case I wake up late to a flat tire or the like. This back-up bike is a used Bike Friday, a foldable bike which I sometimes put in a suitcase and which becomes a bike trailer when I travel to super bike-friendly destinations such as Portland, Oregon, home of the Village Building Convergence and the World’s Largest Naked Bike Ride.

Riding to the Portland (PDX) airport. Check out the sweet bike path I’m on,
separate from the street, that goes all the way to the airport. My luggage is in

the suitcase trailer. Once at the airport, I put my bike and

the trailer wheels in the suitcase.

A friend, David Omick, rides his Bike Friday every other year from Tucson to Corvallis, Oregon. The Bike Friday can be carried onto a bus, and also easily adjusts for a wide range of heights of riders. (Art Ludwig put a super long seat post and quick-release seat-post clamp on his old bike for the same purpose.) I take my Bike Friday or other bikes on my Xtracycle when I pick up friends and family from the airport, bus station, or train station. We take a scenic route home, hitting taco stands along the way, thus everyone I’ve picked up has always been grateful for the pick-up adventure.

I live in a household and a community where we talk and share. I live with my brother and sister-in-law who own a small truck, which I can borrow at times of true need. And if that truck is not available, I can call on a number of neighbors to borrow their vehicle or convince them to go with me (hiking from a distant trailhead, for example). When I do have the use of a car/truck, I pack in as many errands as I can that require one (usually picking up heavy stuff). I try never to ride empty, but  instead to plan trips and fill it up. I put more gas into the borrowed vehicle than I use, often filling the tank, so the lenders benefit and feel good lending to me again in the future.

We have extra bikes and bike parking at home so when people come to visit we can lend them bikes and we can all ride together, rather than drive, to local destinations. I also conduct bicycle tours of local sustainability, water-harvesting, and regenerative design sites and projects. I lend out bikes for these tours, and if needed we can rent more bikes for just $5 per day from BICAS, three blocks down the street.

Arriving at the Tucson airport on my Xtracycle

For out-of-town trips I try to take Amtrak whenever possible (the station is a 15-minute walk from home), but I can also take the bus (a 25-minute walk from home), plane (1 hour bike ride from home, which juices me before a long trip and revives me after one), carpool, rent a car from a friend, or rent a car from a car rental service (5-minute walk from home), hitch hike, get a ride from Craig’s List, or hop a freight train.

Traveling free

Note: I, and many friends, have found that the first long bicycle or walking commute can be tiring when first switching from driving to bicycling or walking — we’re just out of shape. But then it just gets easier and more fun. After just one or two weeks of daily bike riding and/or walking, the body is adjusted, happy, and in shape.

The Big Carbon Picture

Living a solution such as using a bicycle as the primary mode of transport is easy at home, but I find it more challenging when traveling. I’ve been noticing this more and more lately, as I am getting an increasing number of requests to teach and present across the country as well as abroad.

I really struggle with how best to spread the word on water-harvesting and integrated regenerative design/living in a way that does not compound climate change.  And anytime we use fossil fuels we are contributing to climate change and the worsening of air, water, and soil quality.

Check out Sightline Institute’s great breakdown (below) of how much carbon is emitted per mile based on mode of transport chosen.

Used with permission from
“ How Low-Carbon Can You Go: The Green Travel Ranking”

© Sightline Institute

I live in the open, spread out, and often-sprawling western United States where 44% of fossil fuel carbon emissions are from transportation, by far the biggest source of emissions. Electric power is the second largest source of emission (31%), but my home (from which I run my business) is 100% rooftop-solar-powered. Check out Sightline Institute’s great graphics and data (below and to the right) on CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuels by Sector.

© Sightline Institute — Used with permission.

Although the consequences of carbon emissions may not seem as direct and immediate as breathing in toxic exhaust, I believe they are. I feel we need to take immediate action. The Earth Policy Institute estimates we must reduce our current carbon emissions by 80% by the year 2020.

I don’t think I have the answer for this one (though the Bringing It Back Home section at the end is my best shot at addressing the question), but I’m actively looking for, starting with, and practicing steps that may get me there. I find all steps consciously and proactively taken toward a goal enable me to take the next step, whether I succeed or fail.

So here is what I’m currently trying in terms of long-distance travel:

  •  I travel in regions. If an event gets me to a certain locale, then I reduce my fee for other hosts in the area who organize events for me. That way I can spread the word more efficiently to more people while I’m there and I don’t have to set up another separate trip to come back. And wherever I go, I try to train other trainers and connect them with the local resources, to enhance and celebrate their abilities, so they will carry on the work in their region, where they are the local in-situ experts (I like to call them “inperts”).
  • I opt for lower carbon-emitting travel options whenever possible. These typically end up being the most enjoyable and memorable. A two-week hiking trek with my brother from the Grand Canyon to Boulder, Utah, where I needed to get to work for the Boulder Outdoor Survival School was a huge highlight. I also love the train due to its low-carbon footprint compared to plane and auto, and because it is so relaxing. It is cheap; has big seats; lots of space; power for computer and phone; an observation car for stretching, lounging, and conversation; great views; and you stop in the historic heart of every community, built when all was done at the pedestrian scale, so you can step out and venture forth under your own power. I can pick up the train in Tucson (for a fraction of the cost of flying) at 10:30 pm after catching live music at Hotel Congress across the street from the station, fall asleep, then wake up well rested at around 8 am in Los Angeles, CA, in the incredibly beautiful art deco Union Station. In Mexico the buses are phenomenal, and services such as Tufesa could certainly teach Greyhound a thing or two about enhanced comfort, convenience, and reliability. And as with all public/mass transport, someone else is driving so I can work, read, play, eat, sleep as I travel.
  • I stay with friends, friends to be, and family whenever possible as opposed to staying in motels and hotels. This builds community, is much more fun and social, and the food is way better and more locally sourced. And my hosts typically lend me a bike to get where I need to go, and/or we all bike around together. And if I do end up in a hotel, I take the stairs rather than the elevator for much needed on-the-road exercise, and always put out the Do Not Disturb sign so the sheets and towels are not needlessly changed and washed.
  • I am continually revising my books and website, I’m working on getting my books translated in other languages — Arabic is the first, now working on Spanish — and I’ve started filming videos and conducting talks in DVC format, so the information can travel instead of me.
  • Whenever I travel, my hosts or I pay a carbon offset to an organization, The Local Trust, that utilizes the offsets locally in Tucson. This recurringly links me and others to the consequences of our actions, while enhancing the local economy and ecosystem, and doing so where we can check up on the progress and participate.

Bringing it back home

Ultimately, I’m re-prioritizing my life to spend more time at home, exploring and adventuring locally to deepen my understanding and appreciation of home, and pushing to enhance the following:

  • the local human-powered transport experience
  • local renewable water (we passively harvest about 100,000 gallons of rainwater and greywater per year in the soil of our 1/8th acre site to enhance instead of deplete the aquifer)
  • local renewable power (100% of home and business power and hot water come from rooftop solar panels and a solar water heater)
  • local food (we grow food at home with harvested on-site water, and buy from other local growers at farmers’ markets, local restaurants serving locally-grown food, and our  community’s food co-op)
  • local air (we avoid polluting the air by avoiding driving as much as possible and not getting power from the burning of coal, and instead grow air-filtering, passive-cooling, food-producing, rainwater-irrigated vegetation at home and in the neighborhood)
  • local soil (we compost, rather than throw away our “wastes”)
  • local community with efforts that begin at home (we do much of this with friends, neighbors, and in workshops open to the public) and spread by example.

Kevin Moore Koch of TFS ( delivering trees at
Dunbar/Spring Neighborhood’s annual tree planting

TFS ( bicycle delivery of solar hot water heater

TFS ( bicycle delivery of solar panels

Brad Lancaster

Since 1993 I’ve run a successful permaculture consulting, design, and education business focused on integrated and sustainable approaches to landscape design, planning, and living. And as I live in a dryland environment, water harvesting has long been one of my specialties and a passion. I started writing the Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond series with the goal of empowering my clients and my community to make positive change in their own lives and yards, by harvesting and enhancing free on-site resources such as water, sun, wind, shade, and more. I wanted to provide accessible books that explain what water harvesting is, how to do it appropriately, and how to tailor water-harvesting strategies to the unique conditions of different sites and integrate it with the harvest of other resources. I believe we all can become beneficial stewards of the land, and partners in the ecosystem in which we live, and I believe that by harvesting water—and more—we can all begin to transform our households and neighborhoods from being consumers of resources to generators—and even regenerators—of resources. Drawing on my years of teaching, consulting, designing, on-the-ground implementation, and learning from others, I offer readers my clear and simple process to assess and design their own harvesting systems at home and throughout their community.


  1. Great article Brad, I love cycling but you have inspired me to take it to a new level, as I’m lucky to live in a bike-friendly community.

  2. Great article Brad!! Thank you for “living the solution”!

    I’ve been car free for all of 6 years and have found it to be a very liberating experience. Not having to pay for a car payment, repairs, insurance, registration, inspection, etc… has saved me tons of money. With those savings I’ve invested in the upcoming PRI Internship this coming October!

    This article inspires me to plant the seed of a future Permaculture Bike Tour. The idea is still just a little sprout at the moment and still some years off (I’m planning on spending at least a year after the internship doing international aid work in developing countries).

    In addition to planting seeds in my local community here in Austin, Texas, I’ve had the good fortune to connect with the Sustainable Living Roadshow, and a ragtag bunch of cycling superheros ( ) from whom I’ve received nothing but good responses.

    The idea would be to gear up with much of the various equipment we would need (following, of course, the principle of appropriate technology) to perform both mobile permaculture course as well as instillations. We’d like to link with local permaculture groups in various rural farms, towns and cities across the country and eventually take the show international!

    The ground work is already being laid here in Austin and the vision of a spiral route through Texas and surrounding states is starting to emerge. I look forward to further cultivating these ideas and hope that we’ll have an official start day planned out soon!

    For now, I’m planting the seed with you and anyone else here who might want to be involved (or start your own tour!!)

    Contact me at theron at eco-pioneers . org

    Thanks again! Much love to the cause!

  3. This article reinstalls alot of what ive been thinking lately and that is – we don,t become green and clean , because we have to or the world might end, or say its hip and cool to be sustainable etc, i mean these things should help make those changes, maybe even give the sustainable argument alittle more wait(not there is a debate or at least shouldnt be), but we do it because its a better way to live……, a more direct way, a more enjoyable and rewarding life.
    Thanks brad for the great inspiring article.

  4. Thanks for the Xtracycle Bike Blender!!!
    Question is how many berries will be packed at days end. All WWOOFED down no dought…?
    The Dutch have on average 2.2 bikes per person and use these for cargo:
    Which US company makes those used by TFS please?
    Thanks Brad.

  5. So glad this article got posted here! After seeing the article posted yesterday, I loaded up my bike trailer with a new fan, loads of soil, and boxes of miscellaneous materials and tools to go work on a greenhouse design. I have a Burley Flatbed trailer, which is a quick and affordable cargo option, around $200 US. I’m currently saving up for a Surly Big Dummy. Brad, you never stop inspiring me to reassess and redesign my life; thank you!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Articles

Back to top button